Increasingly sophisticated neuroradiological techniques, managed care factors, and the growth of rehabilitation necessitates that rehabilitation professionals provide more functionally (rather than diagnostically) useful evaluations to improve the neuropsychological functioning and community integration of persons with brain injuries or diseases. This book was written to fill the gap in the current neuropsychological and rehabilitation literature. It proposes a universal taxonomy of neuropsychological abilities, with a list of basic rehabilitation strategies to improve impairments identified in general domains. Specific chapters are included on the neuropsychological remediation of memory, attention, language, visual-spatial skills, and executive function impairments. Each chapter proposes a taxonomy of cognitive constructs (such as divided attention, sustained attention, focused attention), lists tests which may have been used to assess each cognitive construct, and provides specific rehabilitation strategies to improve or accommodate the identified neuropsychological impairments.