Augustus Koch - Mapmaker: The Life and Work of a Pioneer Artist, Designer, Draughtsman and Cartographer
|Author:||Rolf W. Brednich|
Augustus Koch was born in Berlin in 1834. After the 1848 democratic revolution and blacklisting by German secret police he fled to England, became a seaman and fell in love with a passenger en route to New Plymouth. In 1858 he married her and settled in New Zealand.
Koch brought with him one of the country’s first lithographic printing presses and became one of the finest mapmakers in the colony. During his career as a draughtsman for the Department of Lands & Survey in Napier, he produced hundreds of plans, sketches and maps of all kinds. He printed some of his maps on his own press; later, in Wellington, they were often printed by the Government Printing Office. Of the multitude of maps he drew for Public Works only a fraction have survived, but they form an impressive collection, mirroring the process of colonisation and the technical advancement of mapmaking.
Mapmaking has always had a political or at least bureaucratic dimension. In the mapmaker’s work we can see how topographical mapping played an important symbolic role in the attempt to colonise, civilise and extend power over the lands Pakeha had acquired or confiscated from Maori. Koch’s maps — and the illustrations he provided for books by Hochstetter, White and Mackay — formed a significant part of New Zealand’s transition into a Western-dominated dependency.