This volume synthesizes cutting-edge research on natural processes of resilience and recovery, highlighting implications for trauma treatment and prevention. Prominent experts examine what enables many trauma survivors to heal over time without intervention, as well what causes others to develop long-term psychiatric problems. Identifying key, modifiable risk and resilience factors-such as cognitions and beliefs, avoidance, pain, and social support-the book provides recommendations for when (and when not) to intervene to promote recovery. Illustrative case examples are included. A section on specific populations discusses children, military personnel, and low socioeconomic status or marginalized communities.
"This volume brings together leading authorities in their respective topics. It is uniquely valuable in focusing on trauma survivors' resilience rather than their pathology. The book helps clinicians and researchers better understand the potentially modifiable risk and resilience factors that shape recovery. It identifies empirically supported principles that elucidate the often bewildering complexity of multiple problems and diagnoses commonly experienced by trauma survivors. Clinical recommendations are included in each chapter. Strongly recommended!" - Josef I. Ruzek, National Center for PTSD, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, California, USA "What distinguishes this book from every other volume on trauma is the message of hope. Zoellner and Feeny are to be congratulated. An international 'who's who' in trauma focuses on how to foster resilience following trauma, a goal we all need to emphasize for our patients, our students, and ourselves. With rich clinical material, the contributors cover the gamut from children to military, acute interventions to dissociation and pain. A 'must read' for clinicians and graduate students who wish to stay abreast of the latest thinking on trauma and recovery."- Barbara O. Rothbaum, Emory University School of Medicine, Georgia, USA
Lori A. Zoellner, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Psychology and Director of the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress at the University of Washington. Her research and clinical experience focus on the prevention and treatment of chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with particular expertise in the area of information processing. Dr. Zoellner has published extensively on PTSD and on its cognitive-behavioral treatment, and has given many workshops for practitioners on the prevention and treatment of chronic PTSD. Norah C. Feeny, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences and Director of the PTSD Treatment and Research Program at Case Western Reserve University. Her clinical and research interests and over 100 publications focus on the delivery and evaluation of cognitive-behavioral treatments for PTSD; treatment preferences; and treatment processes.
I. Introduction 1. Conceptualizing Risk and Resilience Following Trauma Exposure, L.A. Zoellner, N.C. Feeny 2. Acute Intervention, R.A. Bryant, A. Nickerson 3. Therapeutic Recovery, E.B. Foa and C.P. McLean II. Resilience and Recovery in Special Populations 4. Sociocultural and Ecological Factors, Stevan E. Hobfoll, J.T. V. M. de Jong 5. Children, J.A. Fairbank, E.C. Briggs, K.A. Carmody, J.K. P. Greeson, B.A. Woods 6. Military, B.T. Litz, M.M. Steenkamp, W.P. Nash III. Facilitating Natural and Therapeutic Recovery: Modifiable Risk and Resilience Factors 7. The Nature of Traumatic Memory and Trauma Recovery, L.A. Zoellner, F.J. Farach, L.D. Pruitt, N.C. Feeny 8. Understanding Posttrauma Cognitions and Beliefs, J.G. Beck, J. Jacobs-Lentz, J. McNiff, S.A. Olsen, J.D. Clapp 9. Disclosure of Traumatic Events, D.M. Sloan, B.E. Wisco 10. Dissociation during and after Trauma, A. van Minnen, R. de Kleine, M. Hagenaars 11. Avoidance, L.A. Zoellner, E.H. Marks, J.J. Jun, H.L. Smith 12. Chronic Pain and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, G.J.G. Asmundson, L. Gomez-Perez, and M.G. Fetzner 13. The Crucial Role of Social Support, N.C. Feeny, N.K. Rytwinski, and L.A. Zoellner IV. Integration and Future Directions 14. Conclusion: Risk and Resilience Following Trauma Exposure, N.C. Feeny, L.A. Zoellner